Bridget Riley was born in 1931 in London, and studied at Goldsmiths College and the Royal College of Art. Her ealry work was figurative, painted initially in a semi-impressionist style and later in a more pointillist style. In 1960, Riley began exploring the potential of optical phenomena and became associated with Optical Art. Through the arrangement of lines, circles and other shapes, she gave her paintings a sense of vibration, which lead the viewer to believe they are looking at a moving rather than still image. Riley herself confirmed that she wanted to create fields of visual tension, playing with frequencies, rhythm and optical effects that disorientate the viewer.
In 1968, Riley won the international prize for painting at the Venice Biennale. Exhibitions dedicated to her work inclue those at: the Art Institute di Chicago (2015), National Gallery (2010-2011) and National Portrait Gallery (2010), London. Her work was shown at Punta della Dogana in the exhibition “Prima Materia” (2013-15).