Cindy Sherman was born in 1954 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, United States. Known as ‘staged photography’, Sherman’s photographs are the end result of an intricate creative process that precedes the actual shot. She studies each scene in minute detail, then reconstructs it and ‘creates’ the character in the photograph, which she acts herself. In one of her first works, Cindy Sherman posed as all the main actors of a Hollywood thriller that never existed. This series foreshadowed the artist's later interest in the world of cinema. Like all the artists of the Pictures Generation, Cindy Sherman is also drawn to the visual imagination of the media culture, of which she is also openly critical. Untitled Film Stills (1977-80) is her most famous work: a series of black-and-white portraits of figures that embody the feminine ideals found in American films from the 1940s and 1950s – from the femme fatale to the romantic heroine and reclusive housewife. More recently Cindy Sherman has constructed scenes and photographs showing herself as characters from the grotesque and horror imagination, surrounded by discarded food, human body parts and rubbish.