Cy Twombly

Cy Twombly, the name adopted by Edwin Parker (Lexington, Virginia, 1928 - Rome, 2011) was an American artist. He moved to Manhattan in 1950, when the New York School, with Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning at its head, was in full flow. A few years later, Cy Twombly participated, along with Robert Rauschenberg, in the activities of Black Mountain College in North Carolina, which modelled itself on the Bauhaus and was, at the time, one of the most experimental art schools. Cy Twombly studied under Robert Motherwell and John Cage. In 1957 he established his studio in Rome. Through his artistic practice, Cy Twombly examined the graffiti form, developing his own very distinctive expressive language. He developed a nervous and obsessive mark, with which he seemed to literally scratch the surfaces of his works. Alongside these marks, he included enigmatic words which reveal his interest in nature, mythology, history, literature and poetry. Although he broke away from abstract expressionism, Cy Twombly did not reject it completely, combining it with the European tradition in a practice that breaks down the boundaries between drawing, writing and painting.