Jeff Koons was born in 1955 in York, Pennsylvania, and trained at the Art Institute of Chicago and Maryland Institute College of Art, where he completed his studies in 1976. Since the beginning of his career in the 1980s, Koons has produced works that explore the connection between art and commercial goods, reworking the legacy of Duchamp’s ready-mades. His works address consumerism, bad taste and the banal objects that fill our daily lives. His series The New, begun in the early 1980s, consists of transparent boxes that contain ordinary electrical devices. In the series Celebration, begun in 1993, Koons presented objects connected to celebratory events: animal-shaped balloons, coloured bows and enormous hearts were reproduced in stainless steel or painted with oil on canvas in a hyper-realist technique. Adopting what he himself calls ‘the aesthetic of communication’, Koons creates a universe of easily recognisable fetish objects, which he circulates virally, using marketing techniques and advertising strategies, almost like an expert.
Exhibitions of Koons’s work include those held at the Gagosian Gallery, New York (2015), Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, which then travelled to Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris and Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (2014), and Fondation Beyeler, Basel (2012). His works were shown at Punta della Dogana and Palazzo in the exhibitions “In Praise of Doubt” (2011-13), “The World Belongs to You” (2011-12), “Mapping the Studio” (2009-11), “A Post-Pop selection” (2006-7) and “Where are We Going?” (2006).