Yayoi Kusama

Yayoi Kusama was born in 1929 in Matsumoto, Japan. She studied traditional Japanese Nihonga painting, in reaction to the spread of the western aristic style. In 1957, she moved to the United States where she stayed until 1972, when she returned to Japan. Kusama’s artistic vision derives from an ironic response to the language of minimalism and abstract expressionism, while maintaining elements of both movements. At the end of the 1950s, she produced her Infinity Net works: enormous monochrome canvases to which she added round and very tightly meshed networks. A few years later she assembled found objects (armchairs and coats, for example), covering them with bags filled with cotton wool, painted white, to create a surface with phallic-shaped protrusions. With time, these installations grew into all-encompassing environments. Kusama soon added what would become her signature: a pattern of red dots, with which she covered entire surfaces. She also used psychedelic lights and mirrors to reproduce images in tens of reflections, creating a labyrinth that confuses our perception of object and background.